| by Kenneth Chase | 93 comments

Why Apple Products Use 30 Year Old Software


Narrator: In 1985, Steve
Jobs walked out of the doors of Apple and used $12
million of his own money to start a new computer company. Hi, I’m Steve Jobs, and I make computers. Narrator: NeXT would ultimately
be viewed as a failure. But that failure actually saved Apple. Apple went public in 1980 and was valued at $1.8 billion. But a few years later,
Apple was struggling. Both the Apple III and the Lisa failed to become commercial hits. So in 1983, Jobs decided
to recruit John Sculley, who was the CEO of Pepsi at the time, famously asking Sculley: And with that, Sculley was convinced. He left Pepsi and became the CEO of Apple. But tension started to
grow between him and Jobs. Because of internal struggles
and product failures, Jobs’ role was diminished. It was around this time that
Jobs came up with an idea for a new computer company,
separate from Apple. But he wanted to recruit
five Apple employees. This furthered tension
between Apple and Jobs. Something had to change. So in 1985, Steve Jobs left Apple. And moved on to launch a
new company called NeXT. Jobs: So, what should we do? Narrator: With NeXT, Jobs
wanted to create computers for universities and researchers. NeXT was a project where
Jobs could regain the control he had lost at Apple, and
he was confident enough in this idea to invest $12
million of his own money. In 1988, NeXT released its first computer. It was a powerful machine that embodied similar design philosophies
to current-day Apple. Even down to its custom circuit board. But the NeXT computer was expensive. Very expensive. While other computers
at the time ranged from $700 to a few thousand dollars, the NeXT computer had
a base price of $6,500. But the education market it was targeting already had a lot of older
computers and limited budgets. NeXT’s computers never found mass success. So in 1993, NeXT completely
stopped developing its hardware and shifted its focus
to the real innovation: software. The operating system for NeXT
computers was called NeXTSTEP. It was built on top of UNIX, an operating system that
dates back to the 1960s. Using UNIX as its base gave NeXTSTEP several key advantages over Mac OS, like object-oriented programming
and protected memory, which meant fewer system crashes. And it used developer tools
like Interface Builder, which made creating programs
much more intuitive. Despite NeXT computer’s struggles,
the software was popular. Jobs: People told us they love NeXTSTEP and they love the fact that
we built it on top of UNIX. Narrator: Programmers used NeXT machines to develop iconic games
like “Quake” and “Doom.” Even Tim Berners-Lee was a fan. He built the first web
browser on a NeXT computer. But NeXT couldn’t survive
on software sales alone, and this is where Apple
comes back into the story. After Jobs’ departure,
Apple found little success and continued to struggle. Under Sculley, the company developed several failed products,
like the Newton MessagePad. Jobs: Who wants a stylus? Yuck. Narrator: In 1993, Apple’s
profit dropped 84%. Sculley resigned from
Apple that same year. And with the success of
Windows NT and Windows 95, Mac OS was falling behind. Apple needed a new,
modern operating system if they were going to
survive the next decade. So Apple’s CEO at the time, Gil Amelio, turned his attention to NeXT. With NeXT, Apple could finally have an advanced operating system
to compete with Windows. In 1997, Apple bought NeXT for $429 million. That same year, Steve
Jobs returned to Apple. Eventually, he would
once again become CEO. But the big part of the deal? Apple would acquire the
NeXTSTEP operating system and use it to replace Mac OS, which was on version 8 at the time, combining NeXT’s software
with Apple’s hardware. In the original press
release, Apple stated: Soon after the acquisition, Apple started to develop
what would become OS X, based on the NeXTSTEP operating system. OS X integrated major NeXTSTEP features, like the dock and the mail app, and minor touches, like
the spinning wheel. Though most of the
similarities could be found under the hood. OS X used the same programing
language, Objective-C, and the Interface Builder tool. The first release of OS X in 2001 was a glimpse at the future of the Mac. The Aqua interface was
a radical design change from previous versions. And OS X also introduced things like System Preferences and
the column view in Finder. But it would take several years for Apple’s investment to pay off. Initially, OS X was sluggish
and had stability issues. It also required more memory than many Macs shipped with at the time. But with the release of
10.2, just over a year later, Apple improved stability and speed and cemented the popularity of OS X. Tim Cook: We love the Mac. Narrator: From the Dock to
the way programs are designed, OS X looks similar 18 years
and 14 versions later. Even in 2001, the user interaction felt
modern and intuitive. And the work Apple did based on the original NeXT operating system has helped to form the foundations of iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. If it’s an Apple operating system, you can trace its origins to NeXT. In December 2001, Macworld wrote, “We’ve been waiting for years,
but Mac OS X is now truly the operating system of tomorrow.” They were right. Almost 20 years later,
millions are still using it.

93 Comments

Andre Gaming

Aug 8, 2019, 7:01 pm Reply

Irony: I am watching this on my iPhone XR

King_Anima_ V

Aug 8, 2019, 7:01 pm Reply

Yeet

Macko M

Aug 8, 2019, 7:02 pm Reply

Eror mission failed successfully

nicholas travisano

Aug 8, 2019, 7:04 pm Reply

Nothing jobs ever did was a failure ???

Kindle Fire

Aug 8, 2019, 7:04 pm Reply

Apple is dead in 2019!

Blazing Hari

Aug 8, 2019, 7:05 pm Reply

But I love Steve jobs
He is like my mentor
He is my inspiration
If he still lives apple would be a great company
"Great people die early"
?

Avery the Cuban-American

Aug 8, 2019, 7:06 pm Reply

An apple from Isaac Newton's tree landed on Steve Jobs' head and that saved Apple

XxShaKxX

Aug 8, 2019, 7:06 pm Reply

potatoe

I AM AWESOME j

Aug 8, 2019, 7:06 pm Reply

Everytime I see pictures and videos of young Steve Jobs I always think he looks like Ashton Kutcher

DJ Stapler

Aug 8, 2019, 7:10 pm Reply

Any $12 million dollar mistake I would make, is buying college textbooks.

The Great CooLite

Aug 8, 2019, 7:12 pm Reply

Was it just me or was it hard to distinguish when the narrator was saying the word "next" from when he was saying the company name?

Aug 8, 2019, 7:21 pm Reply

0:08 – Pft. Jobs didn't make computers, Wozniak did. Jobs sold computers; he was little more than a used-car salesman, repleat with sleazy used-car salesman tactics. ?

Petyr Baelish

Aug 8, 2019, 7:39 pm Reply

linux?

Konaalii Alohaohana

Aug 8, 2019, 7:52 pm Reply

Yes. Steve Jobs was a creative genius. He & Bill Gates were at the polar opposites of good vs evil. Sadly he died long before his time. WOZ was "THE" engineer who made it all possible. Without Steve Wozniak Apple would have never worked & without Steve Jobs Creative insight Apple would have never existed.

Nicolo Don Diego

Aug 8, 2019, 7:59 pm Reply

And tim cock destroying apple.

Hanniffy Dinn

Aug 8, 2019, 8:05 pm Reply

Used to create doom and html…..these are so expensive now!

Megumi Hayashida

Aug 8, 2019, 8:14 pm Reply

I've watched a couple of 'motivational speeches' from successful individuals and I realised that what they have in common is the fact that failures seem inevitable which is a life testimony on how the road to success is rarely following the initial target according to our plans, surprisingly there are always an unpredictable punch in the face or a tragic turn of event and we all know without ppl working in the shadow like Wozee the process in order to succeed would take an eternity to progress.

Viiz

Aug 8, 2019, 8:32 pm Reply

task failed successfully!

4siandora

Aug 8, 2019, 8:40 pm Reply

successful failure

Veron Mathongo

Aug 8, 2019, 8:43 pm Reply

Steve Jobs is a real entrepreneur guy, stop being arrogant and trying to explain Jobs hard working.

El Deste

Aug 8, 2019, 10:37 pm Reply

He was taken too soon. They should exhume and reanimate a zombified Steve Jobs for the sake of mankind.

Not That Guy

Aug 8, 2019, 10:59 pm Reply

Charging 10 times as much for an inferior product? Sounds just like Apple.

Miles Fanboy113

Aug 8, 2019, 11:03 pm Reply

I wish my failure could be successful.

Cole Huesca

Aug 8, 2019, 11:20 pm Reply

While everyone played an instrument, he played the orchestra.

Cole Huesca

Aug 8, 2019, 11:21 pm Reply

Now tell the story how Steve Jobs created Pixar and the first toy story film.

STAN X1

Aug 8, 2019, 12:09 am Reply

I guess Apple hates the number 9

BuytechNow UK

Aug 8, 2019, 2:09 am Reply

You only learn from your mistakes and he make some big mistake that he learn from every year to improve product and production and make loads of money ??❤️

Parham Shaw III

Aug 8, 2019, 2:14 am Reply

I have a next machine

Clarence Gramula

Aug 8, 2019, 2:18 am Reply

And now I'm 2019
we have an aluminium rotating stick costing 999 dollars. Wow how times have changed.

Scrub Lord

Aug 8, 2019, 4:22 am Reply

But apple was always dead

Ziad Khaled

Aug 8, 2019, 5:27 am Reply

Finally they post a good video

Mobile News 24

Aug 8, 2019, 7:30 am Reply

nice video

Boy Say

Aug 8, 2019, 8:16 am Reply

now i know why they used Roman no to write iPhone X

Joey Carrino

Aug 8, 2019, 8:48 am Reply

Ashton Kutcher looks so much like him, no wonder they made him the roll

mikecar52

Aug 8, 2019, 1:59 pm Reply

Mac os based on a discarded version of FreeBSD AFAIK. I think around the time they changed over to intel chips.

Mayuresh Dhat

Aug 8, 2019, 2:55 pm Reply

0:39 always gives me goosebumps

A C

Aug 8, 2019, 2:55 pm Reply

Who is steve jobs!?

manoj lovic

Aug 8, 2019, 3:52 pm Reply

I'm using Android and Windows ? but I love iOS

Obadeh Mohiddin

Aug 8, 2019, 5:51 pm Reply

Thank you, Next.

Eric Alvaro

Aug 8, 2019, 2:48 am Reply

Didn't Apple totally break backward compatibility years ago when they change from power-PC to intel based processors? I mean, saying "it's the same software" make look as if you could get a program written for mac in 1998 and run it today on your macbook. Windows is "the same software", I mean they at least kept backward compatibility somewhat.

Mr Chicken

Aug 8, 2019, 7:16 am Reply

Steve jobs left Apple? I thought he got kicked out by the Pepsi guy

Vishnu CH

Aug 8, 2019, 11:39 am Reply

Macintosh documentary : https://youtu.be/-kxNKRMtcD4

Diboy Mashesha

Aug 8, 2019, 12:31 pm Reply

Your the first source that says he left wasn't he fired?

jkeener1988

Aug 8, 2019, 12:46 pm Reply

Apple sucks!!

boxertest

Aug 8, 2019, 1:02 pm Reply

SJ still the ghost in the Apple machine

David Ricks

Aug 8, 2019, 1:58 pm Reply

I’m confused, he invested $12m and sold the company 16 years later for $429m. Where is the mistake?

Ali Labeeb Alkoka

Aug 8, 2019, 6:13 pm Reply

Because it works and why reinvent the wheel?
I do not even have to watch this video.
I am a software engineer. You use codes that works regardless of when it was written. Saves time and ? money honestly in developing software.

Praju vada

Aug 8, 2019, 6:51 pm Reply

Many people thinks Steve jobs still alive seeing Ashton Kutcher it kinda sweet but weird though..

swampy

Aug 8, 2019, 7:17 pm Reply

But windows has the largest .. nvm

LOST131100

Aug 8, 2019, 9:32 pm Reply

what a stupid video title

Geo Laden

Aug 8, 2019, 1:30 am Reply

Apple still trash today, falling behind other companies

Home Plenary

Aug 8, 2019, 4:40 am Reply

"NS" prefixed libraries of Apple's sofwares–Objective C and swift– mean NextStep. The software engineers from neXt were some of the brilliant guys at that time, and brought their ideas that powered Mac, iPad, iPhone, and apple watches' OS till today.

Rom Rod

Aug 8, 2019, 6:11 am Reply

Imagine NEXT Phone lol

Kishor Patange

Aug 8, 2019, 6:18 am Reply

Man, I thought you uploaded a new video. You just changed the name

B NY

Aug 8, 2019, 6:33 am Reply

imagine sugar water guy trying to innovate today technology

Atharva Kulkarni

Aug 8, 2019, 7:15 am Reply

This video is the history of the OS. Doesn't answer the why part at all.

TheBeybladeSport

Aug 8, 2019, 7:48 am Reply

Apple is racist. They should give all their phones for FREE!!! These capitalist bastards are ruining the world. APPLE IS OURS FUK STEVE JOBS

Barca Lio

Aug 8, 2019, 9:21 am Reply

Because Apple ? is Apple ? that’s wise dude

sTechBucket

Aug 8, 2019, 10:21 am Reply

I use a windows 10 and mac os
Mac os is garbage as compared to windows, so restricted feels like soo constrained, my next upgrade laptop will be a surface.

MasterManiacX

Aug 8, 2019, 11:13 am Reply

0:08 Imagine if he said I’m Phil swift and I make flex Tape. Ohhhhh

SPARKY

Aug 8, 2019, 11:23 am Reply

Success is a result of multiple failures.

Salam Khaled

Aug 8, 2019, 11:57 am Reply

?

Musically Viral Videos

Aug 8, 2019, 12:19 pm Reply

but they failed in making it better than windows… if only they had given us an option to dualboot wirth any windows pc

kt cool

Aug 8, 2019, 1:11 pm Reply

LOL, NextStep is a BSD fork. Unix made iPhone possible!

DrFcku 2350

Aug 8, 2019, 2:45 pm Reply

Gosh Steve Jobs looks exactly like Ashton cutcher XD young Steve jobs

Jahanzeb Siyal

Aug 8, 2019, 3:30 pm Reply

My windows 10 is working fine.

Matt Evans

Aug 8, 2019, 3:44 pm Reply

Jobs didn't leave Apple, he was removed and forced to launch the company NEXT as a showing to Apple that they've made a mistake. NEXT was never made to be successful or productive, it was a vengeful base to start a campaign to eventually force Apple to want him back. watching Apple hit failure meant his mission was a success, his replacement stepped down and he knew he was going to win. Therefore he released the best of software from next to encourage a buy out. Pocketed over 400% from the original startup cost of next and slipped back into Apple at the same time. A win followed by a win followed by a sneaky success.

Ognjen Kuzmanović

Aug 8, 2019, 8:08 pm Reply

Why to buy apple products when you can buy more afford and better products like samsung

EXE MEDIA

Aug 8, 2019, 8:20 pm Reply

Apple is failing their real success now is fooling morons which is easy to do and the world is full of… one thing you are right about is zero innovations in over a decade

Musical Neptunian

Aug 8, 2019, 1:14 am Reply

I was in the high school system in the late 80's as a student. The computer labs had:
[1] IBM [compatibles?]: 80%

[2] Apple 2 e : 20% and decreasing in senior computer labs.

There was no Apple NEXT computer anywhere. It got nowhere in education. A reminder as well: the school market was a gold prize then because back then software had total incompatbility. ThaT IS, a word processor program's file would not open on the other brand of computer. So kids had to have the same computer at home. So to get the school market was 24 carat gold because then you got the home market.

Intellixa

Aug 8, 2019, 3:41 am Reply

Thank you for your sharing new knowledge.

who create GOD?

Aug 8, 2019, 4:19 am Reply

we miss u jobs.

who create GOD?

Aug 8, 2019, 4:24 am Reply

Thanks steve for everything!

Levin Soh

Aug 8, 2019, 4:32 am Reply

Did Tim Cook meals for his family's dinner?

Literally Hit Lore

Aug 8, 2019, 4:37 am Reply

Tim Cook is still alive.

Laurent Courtin

Aug 8, 2019, 10:15 am Reply

Didn’t they actually try to buy BeOS first (but it was too expensive), and went for Jobs/NeXT when they realized there was no other choice?

THE MAN THE MYTH THE BAKER

Aug 8, 2019, 1:03 pm Reply

Oh how apple has fallen… Now they only create overpriced shit ??‍♂️

uwu グーチ owo

Aug 8, 2019, 1:14 pm Reply

You left out there purchase of darwin.

KazzArie

Aug 8, 2019, 4:03 pm Reply

3:27 cheats.txt to what games? I see none. Perhaps the game of life.

chris plusplus

Aug 8, 2019, 6:40 pm Reply

NextStep, this is were the NSString, NSArray, NSObject from ios app framework came.

Scan End

Aug 8, 2019, 8:49 pm Reply

It's actually even older because NextStep was built on OpenBSD, which is an OS in its own right!

PR124 Wannabe

Aug 8, 2019, 9:51 pm Reply

Use a 30 year old system? You mean a fully up to date and modernized version of that system in which almost all the code was changed and updated? That’s better.

Crimson Lance Guy

Aug 8, 2019, 11:08 pm Reply

next video: why bethesda still using a 10,000 years old engine

TransistorSnack

Aug 8, 2019, 5:41 am Reply

Steve jobs did not quit apple, he was fired.
UNIX is not an operating system, it is a kernel.
Also saying that your iPhone is running NExTSTEP is quite a stretch, the original NExTSTEP code is not on any modern apple product whatsoever, NExTSTEP was revamped, recoded, and reengineered into what is now Darwin, which is in itself based on FreeBSD, which is a UNIX-Like Operating system, but is not technically UNIX, and Darwin is the core of MacOS, iOS, and WatchOS.

Feeding disinformation to people is not how to gain an audience, especially since this channel is for tech alot of people are educated on this stuff

Jack starter

Aug 8, 2019, 7:48 am Reply

I just made $4bn, lemme buy YouTube and stop comments

Vedraj r.m

Aug 8, 2019, 7:57 am Reply

Steve jobs didn't leave Apple
He was forced to.

ナデコ BOT

Aug 8, 2019, 9:54 am Reply

Pepsi Man

Sourabh

Aug 8, 2019, 3:11 pm Reply

Apple is 99% marketing, 1% actual product.

Prashan Rathnayake

Aug 8, 2019, 4:19 pm Reply

What is that background at 2:24 ?????

Android BD Tech

Aug 8, 2019, 5:31 pm Reply

12 million dollar?

John Furner

Aug 8, 2019, 10:38 pm Reply

Steve jobs was fired

Rhythmattica

Aug 8, 2019, 1:20 am Reply

In some strange way, wish apple had bought BeOS… But then we probably wouldn't have the iPhone or the awesome cMP

Chris Bautista

Aug 8, 2019, 5:03 pm Reply

The Next box was the pc Tim Berners Lee used to invent the World Wide Web.

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