| by Kenneth Chase | 100 comments

Luther and the Protestant Reformation: Crash Course World History #218

Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course
World History and today we’re going to talk about the Protestant Reformation. Mr Green, Mr. Green, this is irrelevant for me; I’m an atheist. Yeah I know Me From the Past, because I’m you. Although actually you are now Episcopalian, a Protestant
church started because a King wanted to get a divorce.
But anyway let me submit that religious history is important regardless of your personal religious
beliefs, because it helps us to understand the lenses through which people have viewed
their lives and communities, and given that, the Protestant Reformation is what proper
historians refer to as A Big-Ass Deal — which I will remind you is not cursing if you are
referring to donkeys. So before the Reformation, pretty much all
Christians in Europe were Roman Catholic. Yes, there were other types of Christians
in Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa, but Roman Catholicism was the dominant form of Christianity
and had been since like the 4th century. The Protestant Reformation broke so-called
“western Christendom” in two—then three, then four, –until finally there were uncountable
denominations of Christianity–not just Lutherans but Apostolic Lutherans and Reformed Lutherans
and Free Lutherans and Lutherans for Just Going Back to Being Catholic Because This
Has Become So Complicated. This was hugely important–it changed people’s
way of looking at themselves and the world, it led to wider European literacy, and eventually
forced governments to grant religious freedoms, while also at the same time maybe being more
of a political revolution than a religious one. So, during the European Middle Ages, the Catholic Church really dominated European civilization.
It’s almost impossible to imagine the scope of the Church’s power in the Middle Ages,
but let’s try. First off, the Catholic Church was the caretaker
of the most important thing that Christians had, their souls, which, unlike our temporal
bodies, were eternal. And then there was the parish priest, who
played a pivotal role throughout every person’s life, baptizing them, marrying them, hearing
their confessions, providing last rites. The church also provided all of the social services:
It distributed alms to the poor, and ran orphanages, and provided what education was available.
And most Europeans would in their lives meet exactly one person who could read the Bible,
which was only available in Latin – their parish priest.
And, the church owned over 1/3 of all the land in Europe, which helped make it the most
powerful economic and political force on the continent. And the Pope claimed authority
over all the kings of Europe, as the successor to the Roman Emperor.
So this was a very powerful institution, and it was undone by one chronically constipated
monk. Here at Crash Course, we don’t like to get
too into like, Great Man History, but the Reformation really was initiated and shaped
by one man: Martin Luther. No, Stan, the Martin Luther he was named for. No, Stan! The Martin
Luther that HE was named for. Yes. Okay, let’s go to the Thought Bubble:
Luther studied law, and like most law students, he hated it. Then one day a sudden storm blew
up, lightning struck him to the ground, and in a panic, he cried, “Help me, Saint Anne!
I’ll become a monk!” He survived and in the next two weeks, he withdrew from university,
entered an Augustinian monastery, took his vows, and sent a message to inform his family,
who I’m sure were delighted to have spent all that money on education because monking
is so lucrative. In 1505, Luther was sent to Rome on a diplomatic
mission, and he ignored all the awesome art and focused instead on Rome’s corruption—with
prostitutes openly soliciting on the filthy streets, priests who made light of their duties,
hurrying through mass so fast that it seemed to mean nothing, and openly deriding Church
doctrine. Luther was obsessed with his own sinfulness
and he kept confessing, incessantly. And finally his confessor and teachers sent him to the
University of Wittenberg, because you know, they were a little bit annoyed with him, and
they figured he’d be good at teaching scripture. These days of course, incessant confessors
are put on the real housewives of New Jersey, but back then, you sent them to the University
of Wittenberg. Anyway, Luther finally found his answer in
St. Paul’s epistles, specifically in one line that said, “The just shall live by
faith” (Bainton 65). In other words, salvation comes through faith, not good works—not
through prayer, or fasting, or vigils, or pilgrimages, or relics, giving to the poor, or the sacraments,
or any action that a person can take. We can’t ever be good enough, through our actions,
to merit salvation. We can only have faith. In Latin, sola fide, only faith.
Thanks, Thought Bubble. So, Martin Luther’s new interpretation of
“sola fide” grew into a full-scale conflict with the Catholic Church when a friar named
John Tetzel came to Wittenberg, selling indulgences. An indulgence was a donation to the church
that came with a promise from the pope to reduce a sinner’s time in purgatory. Like,
to quote from an indulgence that Friar Tetzel sold, “[I] replace thee in the state of innocence and
purity in which thou wert at the hour of thy baptism.” Luther felt like that that wasn’t the sort of thing that, you know, should be for sale. The price of this whole-life complete-forgiveness-of-any-horrible-sin certificate, by the way, was three marks,
probably about half a year’s wages for a laborer.
So, Luther didn’t like seeing his parishioners handing over money they didn’t have for
a scrap of paper that he believed to be meaningless, so in response, he wrote 95 Theses against
indulgences, and then dramatically nailed them to the Church door, for all to see on
October 31, 1517—or else he mailed them to the archbishop, or possibly both. We don’t
actually know. This led to a series of debates with other
men of the cloth, during which Luther’s positions became increasingly radical. Starting
from the statement that Christians were saved only through faith and the grace of God, for instance,
Luther then upped the ante, saying that the Church’s rituals didn’t have the power to save souls.
And then he argued that far from being infallible, the church, and the pope made errors all the
time. That was a pretty bold thing to say, and then
it got even more dramatic when Luther ultimately denied that the church and the officers of
it had any spiritual powers. He said that the priesthood was a human invention;
and that individual Christians didn’t even need priests to receive the grace of God.
Instead, Luther described a “priesthood of all believers.”
So this had gone from a call for reforming indulgences to, to a revolution. So in
1521, Luther was called to defend his ideas before the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V,
at the Imperial Diet of Worms. Or in German, Worms.
Also, let me say retroactively, now that everyone has commented on my poor German pronunciation,
Wittenberg. Emperor Charles famously said, “A single
friar who goes counter to all Christianity for a thousand years must be wrong.”
To which Luther was like, “stop flapping that hideous Hapsburg jaw of yours.”
But there was something to what Charles was saying, right? Because plenty of radical friars
had criticized the church’s abuses and hypocrisies over the years; why would Luther prove influential?
Well, one reason was the printing press. Now, most people in Europe at the time couldn’t
read, but a lot of people could, including, of course a lot of priests. And over two thousand
editions of Luther’s writings appeared between 1517 and 1526.
And his ideas also appeared in pamphlets, and posters, and cartoons that were seen and
read aloud, reaching millions of readers and listeners,
In short, Luther’s ideas were all over, like, the Tumblr of the day, which was a town
crier and broadsides nailed to doors. And it caused quite a stir, especially the part
about, like, the Pope being the Anti-Christ sent by the devil. Like I said, it got pretty
radical. But maybe the most revolutionary of Luther’s
publications was his new translation of the Bible into German.
For the first time ever, non-priests could read the Bible for themselves, because Luther
used the German that people actually spoke, instead of Latin, and his work quickly caught
on among common people. Hundreds of thousands of copies of Luther’s
Bible were printed; people carried it in their pockets and memorized it. Now everyone could
quote scripture and discuss its meaning. Now, Luther’s theory was that if everyone
just returned directly to the scriptures, they would see the one single truth, and the
Church would be restored to its original simplicity. Yeah, no. I have a message to the restorers
of history. There is no original simplicity! The thing is, once you start making scripture
accessible to everyone and tell them that their opinions are just as good as those of
the clergy, what happens is that people start, you know, having different interpretations
of what religious truth is. So Luther’s protest started creating spinoffs:
the Zwinglians, and the Calvinists, and the Anabaptists…and then the spinoffs had their
own spinoffs. It’s like how first there was Iron Man, and
then there was the Avengers, and then you know, like an Avengers TV show. Pretty soon
we’re gonna have Ant Man get his own movie. The Protestant Reformation is just basically
the same thing as the Marvel Comic Universe, but no Thor! Because he’s pagan.
Anyway, many of these new denominations will be familiar to you: the Anglicans and Puritans,
the Quakers, the Presbyterians, the Methodists, the Baptists.
Each of these new Protestant churches thought that it knew the one true way to worship God—and
that, you know, everyone else was going to hell, and this led to some fighting.
And also some disemboweling. Oh, it’s time for the open letter.
But first, let’s see what’s in the globe today. Oh, that’s nice, I thought it would
be disemboweled people, but it’s Anabaptists not baptizing their infants.
Hi there. So, you don’t believe in infant baptism. You believe that like, people should
come of age; that they can make their own decision about salvation.
Other people: Catholics, many protestants, believe that it’s OK to baptize infants,
or even that it’s good. I don’t feel like this disagreement should
lead to disembowelment, and yet it did. The fascinating thing to me, Anabaptists, is that
you never had a state, you never had, like, widespread political say in any community.
And yet, your brand of evangelical Christianity managed to become incredibly important in
world history. In short, the bad news is that many of you
are going to be executed. The good news is that your message will prove surprisingly
resilient Stan, who did I even make that open letter
for? The Anabaptists are Amish now. They’re not watching this. I guess some of them are
Mennonites. I made it for you Mennonites! OK, So with all these new denominations, there
were years of religious mayhem. Clergy preached radical new ideas, and then
other people interpreted them in even more radical ways. People, especially young people,
smashed up churches because the bible says no graven images.
What started as a doctrinal dispute turned into a social revolt, and in 1525, German
peasants took up Luther’s ideas to give voice to longstanding grievances against landlords
and clergymen. In their most famous revolutionary proclamation,
the Twelve Articles, the peasants echoed Luther’s language, proclaiming that serfdom was invented
by men, with no basis in scripture. The peasants rebelled, refused to pay taxes,
pillaged Church lands, and raised an army estimated at 300,000 people.
And Luther was like YES FREE SOULS SOVEREIGN AT LAST. No, just kidding, he wasn’t.
Luther chose the elite, and said that “Christian liberty” was a spiritual concept, not meant
to promote equality or freedom in like, the physical world. He then urged
the faithful to “smite, slay and stab” rebels and kill them like mad dogs.
He also gave up his idea that congregations should elect their own ministers and argued
that kings and princes were put in place by God as caretakers of the church. And that
turned out to be the winning side. For a few hundred years, anyway. The German
Peasants’ Revolt, the biggest revolutionary uprising in Europe before the French Revolution,
was suppressed with crushing brutality; an estimated 100,000 people were killed.
So Luther chose the princes, in the name of stability and success, but why would princes
choose Lutheranism, when the Holy Roman Emperor had forbidden it?
Let’s look at one example: the first actual ruler who broke with the Pope: the heroic,
frequently divorced, founder of Anglicanism, King Henry VIII of England… What’s that
Stan? Apparently it was not King Henry VIII. It was Grand Master Albert of the Teutonic
Order of monks, crusaders who’d come to rule parts of what is now Poland.
So many Teutonic knights individually left the order for Lutheranism because they liked
the theology. Albert started by reading Lutheran tracts and he became a fan, allowing Lutheran
preachers into his cities, and even traveliing to meet with Luther in person.
On Luther’s advice, Grand Master Albert dissolved the Teutonic State, and founded
instead the Dougy of Prussia. I guess that was a country where they all danced the Dougie?
Oh, it’s the Douchey of Prussia. Stan informs me that it is neither the Dougy
nor the Douchey of Prussia, but the Duchy of Prussia. Anyway, Albert established a Lutheran
Church there—the first Lutheran state Church. But it’s unlikely that Albert was really
motivated by a desire to purge the church of corruption. I mean, at the time of his
decision, the Grand Master had been in trouble; he was losing a territorial battles against
the rest of Poland and he was running out of money.
By breaking with the Church, Albert was able to seize the Church assets within his territory
which bolstered his military might and then allowed him to settle the war favorably.
In another major plus, now that he was a Duke instead of a Grand Master monk, he could
get married and produce heirs… Which he did, founding the House of Hohenzollern,
destined to unify and rule the German Empire a few centuries later.
And this points to a huge incentive for princes and kings to break with the Pope.
What if instead of the Church having all of that money and power, I could have it?
Those are like the two favorite things of monarchs, and protestantism allowed them to
confiscate Church land and other wealth, collect Church taxes, and use Church land for themselves.
Why is the Queen the largest landowner in England? Because the Protestant reformation.
That said, we shouldn’t minimize the extent to which the reformation really was about
belief. I mean, Catholics truly believed that Protestants were heretics, and Protestants
truly believed that the Pope and his hierarchy were impostors.
If it were only about land and influence, how could we explain the case of Saxon elector
John Frederick, for instance? When defeated and imprisoned by his Catholic
emperor, Frederick was given the choice between his lands and his faith. He chose his faith.
And then there were the Catholics like Sir Thomas More, who would not sanction Henry
VIII’s break with the Pope, and chose execution over sacrilege.
So in the end the Reformation was both a religious movement AND a political one.
Now, many argue that the Reformation eventually led to more religious toleration in Europe,
because people just had to learn to live with each other, once they had a bunch of wars
and figured out that there were going to be both Catholics and Protestants moving forward.
There were other effects of the Protestant revolution. Max Weber famously called it the
foundation of European capitalism. But for me the most crucial aspect of the
Protestant Reformation is contained inside the words: Protest and Reform.
These have become two of the central political ideas in recent centuries, and while religion
has justifiably been blamed for much violence and intolerance, we should also remember that
many of the leaders of the American civil rights movement, for instance, were Protestant
clergy. And they saw a history of protest that could fuel real and lasting reform, that included
people like Gandhi and Thoreau, but also people like Martin Luther. Thanks for watching, I’ll
see you next week. Crash Course is filmed here in the Chad and
Stacey Emigholz studio in Indianapolis. It’s made with the help of all of these nice people.
And it exists because of your support at Subbable.com, an amazing voluntary subscription service
where you can get great perks and support Crash Course directly so we can keep it free
for everyone forever. Now that I said all of that over there, I
really have nothing to say over here so thank you for watching, and as we say in my hometown,
“don’t forget to be awesome.”


Aman Goel

Jul 7, 2019, 7:50 pm Reply



Jul 7, 2019, 9:04 am Reply

indulgence is NOT forgiveness. It's only less time in purgatory. Two different things. Forgiveness is just granted in confession by god.

Pat Aherne

Jul 7, 2019, 5:47 am Reply

The Reformation didn't lead to wider European literacy. The printing press had already been invented. The printing press was the reason for that.

Pat Aherne

Jul 7, 2019, 5:49 am Reply

Tensel was a swindler.

Yankee Doodle

Jul 7, 2019, 4:18 pm Reply

Papists are evil, murderous tyrants and the Jesuits are conniving grifters.

Zach Landon

Jul 7, 2019, 7:04 am Reply

Heads up from the future ant man got 2 movies and a part in the Avengers. And thor is killin it as well ALSO Martin Luther was a giant Anti-semite in the latter part of his life. He wrote a book call the Jews and their lies.


Jul 7, 2019, 3:13 pm Reply

Luther the great Heresiarch, the horned Monk did his father Satan the greatest favor by stabbing in the heart our Lord and Saviour Bride's, the One, Holy, Indivisible, Apostolic, Roman Catholic Church. "Ubi Petrus ibi ecclesia" "Roma Locuta, Causa FInita." Enough Said.

F. A. Kos

Jul 7, 2019, 9:28 pm Reply

Phantastisch ! — thank you so much !

Cercei Lannister

Jul 7, 2019, 11:49 am Reply

turkish subtitles 🙁

Babes Tango

Jul 7, 2019, 11:34 am Reply

7:33 well ya, we have Bibles on our phones

Liam Cronin

Jul 7, 2019, 10:29 am Reply

This is the American version of the foundation of the Protestant religion

Patricia Peñalba

Aug 8, 2019, 10:14 pm Reply

thank you very much. it helped me a lot and i had fun

Fuck Google

Aug 8, 2019, 12:55 pm Reply

7:07 … i mean the Vatican has a lot of explaining to do since 2005

Darth Vader

Aug 8, 2019, 12:46 pm Reply

As a Roman Catholic I like watching UNBIASED history.

Nicolas B.

Aug 8, 2019, 6:53 pm Reply

The Episcopal Church isn't Protestant. Catholic and reformed.

Jailler PH

Aug 8, 2019, 10:20 am Reply

How will you know if you are elected

Nick Diy

Aug 8, 2019, 7:52 pm Reply


Er. Sunil Pedgaonkar; Consulting Engineer;India

Aug 8, 2019, 10:50 am Reply

Protestant culture;customs;traditions influences everything in USA;UK;Europe!

Des Nebula

Aug 8, 2019, 3:25 am Reply

Protestantism is making a lot more sense than Catholicism right now


Aug 8, 2019, 4:09 pm Reply

came here for a school assignment, left with the desire to run England


Aug 8, 2019, 5:18 pm Reply


Jan Sitkowski

Aug 8, 2019, 9:33 pm Reply

Religion has been blamed for many violence, but don't forget, that Genghis Khan didn't motivate his conquests on religious grounds. And he killed a lot of people. He was like, the Stalin or Hitler of the middle ages, except, you know, his empire lasted bit longer than either Stalin's or Hitler.

DJ Cudworth

Aug 8, 2019, 12:19 am Reply

1:37 Dominate? No that is not right. It did not dominate European civilization. It was civilization in Europe. The Catholic Church was Europe.

Bold Books and Bones

Aug 8, 2019, 12:01 pm Reply

I love what you do! Really valuable youtube content. Keep it up!


Aug 8, 2019, 4:47 pm Reply

To be fair, the Amish broke off of the Mennonite church, not the other way round.

R. Zell

Aug 8, 2019, 8:27 pm Reply

Protestants, you have been deluded by God because you are the unElect.
2 Cor 4:4 ~~ In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the likeness of God

Tom McMorrow

Aug 8, 2019, 12:31 pm Reply

"You are now Episcopalian, a Protestant church started because a king wanted to get a divorce"

laughs in Episcopalian

German Salazar

Aug 8, 2019, 7:04 pm Reply

did he just predict ant man's movie


Aug 8, 2019, 9:10 pm Reply

As a Protestant Christian I believe that this was the point when the West really became Christian. Until then the teachings of Jesus were hidden and perverted by the Catholic Church in order to maintain its worldly authority, and this is the exact sort of thing that the Bible condemns. Only at this point, when it became possible for every Christian to own and read the word of God could Christendom become what Moses said Israel could have become, "a kingdom of priests."

Melanie Bruno

Aug 8, 2019, 11:26 pm Reply

Revolt – not "reformation".


Aug 8, 2019, 10:19 pm Reply

Praise Jesus! John 3:16

Paul Boucek

Aug 8, 2019, 10:34 pm Reply

Catholic means universal so what are you trying to say? Please get your story together.

Paul Boucek

Aug 8, 2019, 10:36 pm Reply

Simplifying is not making it better in this case…so many mistakes.

Jason Reynolds

Aug 8, 2019, 3:07 pm Reply

Diet of Worms @ 5:57


Aug 8, 2019, 12:43 am Reply


lizzie mae

Aug 8, 2019, 2:22 pm Reply


lizzie mae

Aug 8, 2019, 2:24 pm Reply


Stephen Fiore

Aug 8, 2019, 2:43 pm Reply

(A) Excellent Thank You Watch again
(B) 1st time (8/28/19) : o


Aug 8, 2019, 11:17 pm Reply

I don't know what I am…everyone around me is non-religious,I didn't go to a church or anything but I decided myself that I was going to follow Jesus,and I believe that religious authorities and rituals are not important,what is important is what comes from your heart. You know by heart what is true and you talk to God from the depth of your soul…

Gilson Viana

Aug 8, 2019, 4:46 pm Reply

He actually nailed the 95 theses at the doors of the University of Wittenberg.

shweta tiwari

Sep 9, 2019, 6:51 am Reply

the Queen of England laughs at your infant baptising theory. :))))

Isaac Parsons

Sep 9, 2019, 5:54 pm Reply

1:29 Shaggy? Is that you? When did you become the pope?

David Perez

Sep 9, 2019, 6:08 am Reply

Martin Luther only liked Christ in the public eye..


Sep 9, 2019, 2:22 pm Reply

I like how unbiased the information seems. Equal balanced perspective from each side.

Bengi Yardimli

Sep 9, 2019, 2:52 pm Reply

How can everyone be Roman Catholic before Luther? Wasnt there something called the Great Schism? What about Greek Orthodox?


Sep 9, 2019, 10:58 am Reply

I’m the proud owner of a Pantera poster. I’ve never heard any of their songs, and I don’t like the genre, I put the poster in my attic next to the occult materials.

Victor Ponce

Sep 9, 2019, 9:33 pm Reply

Who else watched this in there history class

Jonathon Vellanoweth

Sep 9, 2019, 1:24 am Reply

This was my history teacher, not my actual in-class history teacher.

Marek Wojdyło

Sep 9, 2019, 9:54 am Reply

Can't agree with "the legend of the storm and striking of Luther". It is a myth. He ended up in a monastery escaping punishment for dueling in which he killed his opponent. Dueling was banned and it was punished by death at that time. So he sought asylum. There was no revelation or sudden vocation in him and he was not very happy about being a monk which he wrote about to his friends that if he leaves monastery before becoming a monk they will cut his head off.

Marek Wojdyło

Sep 9, 2019, 10:08 am Reply

And one more thing. It was not Luther who revolutionized the world by himself. Come on people, you really believe that some unknown monk could make people follow him like that? It's not like he changed his life so that by giving an example would make others rethink the way they believed (like st. Francis did) 🙂 His ideas were used by German dukes and nobles. Reformation brought only pain and blood. You can read about it in books. You want to be fair? Read books written by Protestants, Christians and maybe even by non-religious historians and compare them so that maybe by doing that you might find the truth.

Just an ordinary man

Sep 9, 2019, 10:20 pm Reply

Why do you use inflammatory words regarding these people you speak about? Are you a racist?

Will Sam

Sep 9, 2019, 2:19 am Reply

Lol ant man ended up having his own movie

nick gagnon

Sep 9, 2019, 6:27 am Reply

Ant Man got his own movie lol


Sep 9, 2019, 5:02 pm Reply

10: 00

ps allen

Sep 9, 2019, 9:42 am Reply

Jesus said “you are Peter and upon this rock I will build my church.” He didn’t say you are Peter and you will write a book. Jesus did not come to write a book, he came to found a Church, and the only church that goes back to the Apostles is the Catholic Church.

ps allen

Sep 9, 2019, 9:46 am Reply

There was corruption even among the twelve apostles – Judas and heretics in the first century. The other apostles did not abandon Jesus because of Judas like Luther did.

Timothy Simpson

Sep 9, 2019, 2:07 pm Reply

MLK was a plagiarizing communist.

C Conroy

Sep 9, 2019, 1:43 pm Reply

But did he really START his own, or did he just bravely point out what was wrong and let civilization predictably bastardize it again and again? Where is the lie in anything he said? And how does it hurt to be “educated” before taking on “intellectuals” whether you make money from doing so or not?

C Conroy

Sep 9, 2019, 1:49 pm Reply

The spinoffs don’t follow scripture. If they did, there wouldnt be an argument. Furthermore, arguing is not the same as maiming and killing those who disagree with you, and the Bible has never condoned the latter. Your issue is with man needing to belong to something, often manmade, and never comprehending that the body of Christ, the Church, is all of US believers, and nothing more. Nothing manmade there, or do you beg to differ lol?

Elsie Otis

Sep 9, 2019, 5:55 pm Reply

"but no thor because hes pagan" asklfkadjgjd nice

Heard 727

Sep 9, 2019, 1:15 am Reply


zineb jabri

Sep 9, 2019, 10:45 am Reply

We got the ant-man movie…

Ștefan Ardeal

Sep 9, 2019, 1:52 pm Reply

Hallo my fellow freshmens.

josh Y-C

Sep 9, 2019, 10:57 am Reply

i love the sticker on his computer

Sumaya Said

Sep 9, 2019, 9:26 pm Reply

I'm not watching this for school or anything. I just have way too much free time on my hand


Sep 9, 2019, 1:13 am Reply

3:43 I thought that guy was lifting weights on one side

Age Restrictions

Sep 9, 2019, 4:55 pm Reply

Why does John green have a beard? I mean it's good but I'm not familiar with this.


Sep 9, 2019, 11:48 am Reply

I suppose I’d feel racist as a Christian, except there is no coherent group of people I may actually identify as being the Christian people. In most cases, though I would probably share the core of their historical traditions and genetic material, I would be excluded or harassed by them for being different and unacceptable to Christ. While race may be a social illusion, I can say with certainty that the existence of Christianity is. I believe Christianity would be true if anyone could really be convinced of it.

Jimmy Henders

Sep 9, 2019, 4:33 pm Reply

Why do you go to hell for being born in the wrong country, wrong religion? If you are born deaf and blind do you go to hell for not believing in god?

Fyodor Isaiah Caleb Bocalbos

Sep 9, 2019, 10:12 am Reply

"…he was a law student and like most law students, he hated it". I CANT STUDY IF YOU KEEP MAKING ME LAUGH!!

Nick Johnson

Sep 9, 2019, 8:54 pm Reply

“Stop flapping that hideous Hapsburg jaw of yours.” I can’t stop laughing.

big bee

Sep 9, 2019, 11:23 pm Reply

The pope and the papacy knew about these "other Christians", i.e. heretics. The vatican was selling tickets to heaven which HAD to exist! This is a delusion common in the plagued, mortally wounded, and paranoid, which there was plenty of during the Dark Ages, before Renaissance sunshine of Tuscany.

big bee

Sep 9, 2019, 11:26 pm Reply

Germany had more sinners and heathen, than the old Empire of Constantine.

big bee

Sep 9, 2019, 11:28 pm Reply

It's easy to follow Jesus behind the walls of the Vatican. The road was rough, and often blocked in Germany.

big bee

Sep 9, 2019, 11:29 pm Reply

Italian Heaven or German Valhalla? Hell/Valhalla?

big bee

Sep 9, 2019, 11:31 pm Reply

Pain made Luther Rome's loser. Opium made the Papacy a fraud.


Oct 10, 2019, 3:00 am Reply

where’s the loretta shirt from?!!!

Wetso Mero

Oct 10, 2019, 2:39 am Reply

I got exam …. N I'm the one who is so lazy to study… So I'm watching n learning here ??

Ann P Tully

Oct 10, 2019, 1:06 pm Reply

I love love love your videos

Cam Rubi

Oct 10, 2019, 5:35 pm Reply

Indulgences; now covered in chocolate and still available for the right price!

Αναστάσιος Αδάμ

Oct 10, 2019, 8:59 pm Reply

Protestant is Devil.


Oct 10, 2019, 12:02 am Reply

antman got a movie lol from the future

Tzvi ben Daniel

Oct 10, 2019, 2:13 pm Reply

Another important piece of information about Luther: having "fixed" Catholicism, he now went to convert the Jews to Christ. The Jews refused of course, so he wrote a whole book slandering them and exhorting people to burn synagogues. This is at the same time that Jews are being expelled from different European countries at the time of the Inquisition. The end.

Naseem Piercy

Oct 10, 2019, 12:07 am Reply

hey john green!!! could you make a video about chinese uighers, their history, and currently what's going on? thanks!

Ellis Maurin

Oct 10, 2019, 3:47 pm Reply

Luther is child of Satan

Jennifer Bernedo

Oct 10, 2019, 2:17 pm Reply


Allan Daniel Serrano

Oct 10, 2019, 7:42 pm Reply

Martin Luther never intended to separate from the dominant church of his time, which is the RCC. What happened is that the Roman Catholic Church refused to listen to his reformed ideas and instead of engaging in a theological discussion, they excommunicated him and threatened him with the flames of inquisition. The Pope did this because he is afraid that he would lose control over his subjects.

Jojozz Z is pronounced like an actual ZEE

Oct 10, 2019, 5:33 am Reply

Martin Luther did this on Halloween…

matthew bob

Oct 10, 2019, 3:51 pm Reply



Oct 10, 2019, 4:16 am Reply

I'm sorry to say but ant man got his own movie


Oct 10, 2019, 9:55 pm Reply

Should we consider the atheists' version of Christian history of any value? I don't think so.

Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:57 am Reply

I HATE DESE videos

Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:57 am Reply


Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:57 am Reply


Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:58 am Reply


Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:59 am Reply


Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 6:59 am Reply


Antoine Degrange

Oct 10, 2019, 7:10 am Reply


Mitchell Rushing

Oct 10, 2019, 7:42 am Reply


Dallas Kelley

Oct 10, 2019, 9:18 pm Reply

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